On 10 November 1961, Nikita Khrushchev's administration changed the name of the city to Volgograd. Volgograd Oblast with cities and settlements. From north to south and from west to east, Volgograd oblast stretches for more than 400 km. European route E40, the longest European route connecting Calais in France with Ridder in Kazakhstan, passes through Volgograd. In 1961, after the condemnation of Stalin’s cult of personality, Stalingrad was renamed to Volgograd, and the region, respectively, became Volgograd oblast. The battle began on August 23, 1942, and on the same day, the city suffered heavy aerial bombardment that reduced most of it to rubble. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1780 the city came under the newly established Saratov Governorate. Important railways, highways, water- and airways cross the territory of the region. Omissions? [11] Volgograd is the fifteenth-largest city in Russia, the second-largest city on the Southern Federal District, and the fourth-largest city on the Volga. In the first half of the 15th ce… This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Volgograd-oblast-Russia. Region in Southern Federal District. On January 30, 2013, the Volgograd City Council passed a measure to use the title "Hero City Stalingrad" in city statements on nine specific dates annually. In 1670 troops of Stepan Razin captured the fortress; they left after a month. Although the city may have originated in 1555, documented evidence of Tsaritsyn at the confluence of the Tsaritsa [ru] and Volga rivers dates from 1589. [12][13] This was officially to recognize the city and Stalin's role in its defense against the Whites between 1918 and 1920. Volgograd's public transport system includes a light rail service known as the Volgograd metrotram.

Since the early 1240s, the Lower Volga region became part of the Golden Horde state founded by the Mongolian khan Batu. The fighting from July 1918 to January 1920 became known as the Battle for Tsaritsyn. In April 1925, the city was renamed Stalingrad. The German armies at the limit of their advance attempted to capture Stalingrad; after bitter fighting during which the city was reduced to rubble, the German salient was cut off, and an army group of some 300,000 men was annihilated. Explanation: The presentation refers to the territorial organization of January 2014. Of these, 244 soldiers were imprisoned, 278 were shot, 218 were sent to penal companies, 42 to penal battalions and 14,833 to return to their units.[17]. The first higher education institute was opened in 1930. In the 1860s-1870s, with the construction of railways, Tsaritsyn turned into the largest transit center of the southeast of the Russian Empire. This was short-lived, as in March 2012, Volgograd residents voted for relevant amendments to the city charter to reinstate the direct mayoral elections. Updates? Закона №107-ОД от 10 июля 2015 г. In 1765, as a result of two manifestoes of Catherine the Great, who invited people from abroad to settle in Russia, the first foreigners appeared in the region. During World War II, the Axis forces attacked the city, leading to the Battle of Stalingrad, one of the largest and bloodiest battles in the history of warfare. Local agriculture is focused on the production of grain, corn, cereals, oilseeds, and vegetable oil, vegetables, fruits, melons. 2009-08-22 - panoramio.jpg 1,600 × 1,200; 355 KB.

Renamed Krasnoarmeysky Rayon (or "Red Army District"), it was the largest area of the city. It stands at the east end of the Volga–Don Canal, opened in 1952 to link the two great rivers of Southern Russia. [21], In 2011, the City Duma canceled direct election of the mayor and confirmed the position of City Manager. During the Russian Civil War of 1917–1923, Tsaritsyn came under Soviet control from November 1917. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Greenwich time is named for a city in which country? [22], Volgograd is the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast. From 1779 it belonged to the Saratov Viceroyalty. Вступил в силу со дня принятия. Just look for the ‘free cancellation’ message during your hotel search.Prices can vary, but right now we believe that flexibility matters. The stadium has a seating capacity for 45,000 people, including a press box, a VIP box and seats for people with limited mobility.

Most Volgograd Oblast hotels offer free cancellation. Diversified agriculture is combined with a diverse industry, oil and natural gas reserves. Other postwar developments include the Volga-Don Ship Canal, opened in 1952, and a hydroelectric station immediately north of the city. Том 1", "26. Volgograd was one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup. There are medical, civil engineering, teacher-training, mechanical, and municipal-economics institutes. Опубликован: "Городские вести. It soon became the nucleus of a trading settlement. Grebennikov is Russia's youngest mayor of a federal subject administrative center. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. North West | Central | Volga | South | North Caucasus | Ural | Siberia | Far East. Among the largest economic projects implemented on the territory of the region in the post-war period: the Volga-Don Shipping Canal, the Volzhskaya HPP, aluminum, metalworking and chemical plants, light and food industry enterprises. This resulted in the Soviet encirclement of the German Sixth Army and other Axis units. From this time, colonization and economic development of this region by Russian settlers began. The one big tourist attraction in Volgograd Oblast is without a doubt Volgograd and Mamaev Kurgan; the rest of the region has little in the way of a developed tourist industry and is well off the beaten path.

Flights come to Volgograd airport from all over Russia — the flight from Moscow takes about an hour and a half. [2] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Volgograd is incorporated as Volgograd Urban Okrug.[8]. Volgograd is the capital city of the region. Закон №139-ОД от 7 октября 1997 г.

In 1798, Tsaritsyn became a district town of the Saratov province. The population of Volgograd oblast is about 2,535,000 (2015), the area - 112,877 sq. Saline soils are common, particularly in the Trans-Volga and the south. The main crops are wheat, millet, corn (maize), sunflowers, and mustard. The Reds repulsed three assaults by the Whites. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года", "RUSSIA: Južnyj Federal'nyj Okrug: Southern Federal District", "Stalingrad name to be revived for anniversaries", "Putin says Russian city Volgograd can become Stalingrad again", "SELF-PROPELLED FLOATING CHURCH LAUNCHED IN VOLGOGRAD", "Volgograd, Russia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "Average Weather in Volgograd, Russia, Year Round - Weather Spark", "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Volgograd, Russia", "Volgograd State Technical University – Main page", "Волгоградский государственный медицинский университет (ВолгГМУ)", Stalingrad – Bilder einer erbitterten Schlacht, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Volgograd&oldid=985061020, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

«Устав города-героя Волгограда», в ред. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the city became the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast. Between the uplands and also east of the Volga are level plains. The city lies on the western bank of the Volga, covering an area of 859.4 square kilometres (331.8 square miles), with a population of over 1 million residents. The capital city of Volgograd oblast: Volgograd. Copyright © 2007 – 2020 russiatrek.org. Federal Districts: One of the decisive battles of World War II took place there, from August 1942 to February 1943. Царицын – Сталинград – Волгоград", #10, 2 февраля 2013 г. Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Volgograd Academy of Business Administration, List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia, Конкурс на создание гимна Волгограда будет проведен повторно, "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. In the last quarter of the 19th - early 20th centuries, Tsaritsyn became one of the largest industrial centers of the Volga region.

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