var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build();

'max': 30, var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, a situation in which large numbers of road vehicles are prevented from proceeding freely. This makes trip times longer, and increases queueing.This is also known as a traffic jam.Congestion may result from a decrease in capacity, for example accidents on the road or … The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent. pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? storage: { You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics: Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. [49], New Zealand has followed strongly car-oriented transport policies since after World War II (especially in Auckland, where one third of the country's population lives),[50] and currently has one of the highest car-ownership rates per capita in the world, after the United States.[51]. link it largely to subjective lifestyle choices, differentiating between car-owning and car-free households. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); HumanThe all-too-common cause of traffic is humans. Mathematically, traffic is modeled as a flow through a fixed point on the route, analogously to fluid dynamics. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setTargeting('ad_group', Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, Join over 30,000 subscribers. a small pavement in the middle of a road, for pedestrians to stand on on their way across. Disorders & diseases of the heart & blood. [39], Despite implementation since 1997 of road space rationing by the last digit of the plate number during rush hours every weekday, traffic in this 20-million-strong city still experiences severe congestion. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); To correct for this externality, governments have several options. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]},

Congestion can be reduced by either increasing road capacity (supply), or by reducing traffic (demand). dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setTargeting('ad_group', Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads()); It’s the time spent hitting your brakes, as you wonder why this spot on the freeway always comes to a screeching halt. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", ), common spatiotemporal features of traffic congestion, The Netherlands has been pursuing cycle friendly policies, report into the future of Britain's transport infrastructure, Traffic congestion: Reconstruction with Kerner’s three-phase theory, http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1733872,00.html, Federal Highway Administration "Congestion: A National Issue", http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/aboutus/opstory.htm, http://www.amasci.com/amateur/traffic/traffic1.html, Mathematicians Take Aim At 'Phantom' Traffic Jams, "Fundamental Law of Road Congestion: Evidence from U.S. Cities", http://journalistsresource.org/studies/environment/transportation/fundamental-law-road-congestion-evidence-u-s-cities/, "LEDA Measure: License plate based traffic restrictions, Athens, Greece", http://www.leda.ils.nrw.de/database/measures/meas0205.htm, http://www.elseviersocialsciences.com/transport/konsult/private/level2/instruments/instrument009/l2_009a.htm, "Paris drive to cut traffic in centre by 75%", http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/mar/15/france.jonhenley, "The philosophy and practice of Taktfahrplan: a case-study of the East Coast Main Line", "Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: systematic review", http://www.fietsberaad.nl/library/repository/bestanden/Cycling%20in%20the%20Netherlands%20VenW.pdf, "Slow But Steady "Telework Revolution" Eyed", http://www.discovery.org/scripts/viewDB/index.php?command=view&program=DI%20Main%20Page%20-%20News&id=4235, "Motoring Towards 2050 – Roads and Reality", http://www.racfoundation.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=535&Itemid=31, "Smarter Choices - Changing the way we travel", http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustainable/smarterchoices/ctwwt/, "M42 Active Traffic Management Results –First Six Months", http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/tpm/m42activetrafficmanagement/ATM6MonthSummaryResultsforP1.pdf, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/pedbimot/motorcycle/00-NHT-212-motorcycle/glossary71-72.html, http://replay.web.archive.org/20090106054119/http://motorcycle-glossary.com/lane-splitting/150, http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=198466, "São Paulo bate recorde e registra a maior lentidão da história [São Paulo tops record and registers the worst traffic jam in history]", http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/cotidiano/1099213-sao-paulo-bate-recorde-e-registra-a-maior-lentidao-da-historia.shtml, "SP registra 293 km de congestionamentos; motorista deve evitar centro expandido até as 22h", http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/cotidiano/ult95u579520.shtml, "Kassab restringe carga e descarga em SP e inclui caminhões no rodízio", http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/cotidiano/ult95u387928.shtml, "Kassab cria rodízio para caminhão no centro", http://www.intelog.net/site/default.asp?TroncoID=907492&SecaoID=508074&SubsecaoID=948063&Template=../artigosnoticias/user_exibir.asp&ID=252171&Titulo=Kassab%20cria%20rod%EDzio%20para%20caminh%E3o%20no%20centro, http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/transportation/article/747348--gta-commuter-crawl-gets-slower, http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/transportation/article/747327--gta-s-worst-routes-highway-401, "Toronto commuting times worst of 19 major cities, study says", http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/transportation/article/787400--toronto-commuting-times-worst-of-19-major-cities-study-says, "Welcome to the world's worst traffic jam", http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2010/aug/23/worlds-worst-traffic-jam, http://www.economist.com/node/16909167?story_id=16909167, "China’s Growth Leads to Problems Down the Road", http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/28/world/asia/28china.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=straddling%20bus&st=cse, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/aug/24/china-60-mile-motorway-tailback, "To Tackle Traffic Jam, Beijing Sets New Car Plate Quota, Limits Out-of-Towners", http://chinaautoweb.com/2010/12/to-tackle-traffic-jam-beijing-sets-new-car-plate-quota-limits-out-of-towners/, Backtracking Auckland: Bureaucratic rationality and public preferences in transport planning, http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/roadcongestion/, http://www.dft.gov.uk/press/speechesstatements/speeches/congestion, http://www.dft.gov.uk/about/strategy/transportstrategy/eddingtonstudy/, "New York Has Worst Traffic in North America, Report Says", http://wheels.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/24/new-york-has-worst-traffic-in-north-america-report-says/, Modelling Traffic on Motorways: State-of-the-Art, Numerical Data Analysis, and Dynamic Traffic Assignment, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Traffic_congestion&oldid=498989682, Wasting time of motorists and passengers (".
Information and translations of traffic congestion in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.


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