What is the main theme of a "Resistance to Civil Government"? Civil Disobedience: Resis... The speech dealt with slavery and at the same time excoriated American imperialism, particularly the Mexican–American War. Civil Disobedience: Resistance to Civil Government. Moreover, it is written for all time. Henry David Thoreau, Resistance to the Civil Government (1849) The United States went to war against Mexico in May 1846. This is a short essay, rather dated, but no less valuable for all that being a snapshot of a free man's opinion a century ago. Here, in this courageous New Englander's refusal to pay his taxes and his choice of jail rather than support a war that would spread slavery's territory into Mexico, I made my first contact with the theory of nonviolent resistance. Retiring in 1996 from Intel Corp. as a senior technical author, Gullett was awarded their highest individual achievement award for his ground-breaking work in Artificial Intelligence. "[20] He later concluded: Thoreau was a great writer, philosopher, poet, and withal a most practical man, that is, he taught nothing he was not prepared to practice in himself. Pour calculer l'évaluation globale en nombre d'étoiles et la répartition en pourcentage par étoile, nous n'utilisons pas une moyenne simple. Mahatma Gandhi) was impressed by Thoreau's arguments. Forced to keep all men in prison or abolish slavery, the State would quickly exhaust its resources and choose the latter course of action. G.P. There will never be a really free and enlightened State until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and independent power, from which all its own power and authority are derived, and treats him accordingly."[15]. It was the concrete, the personal element, the "here and now" of this work that won me over. Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. Impossible d'ajouter l'article à votre liste. Rossi, William, editor. Resistance to Civil Government Questions and Answers. This misinterpretation is one reason the essay is sometimes considered to be an argument for pacifism or for exclusively nonviolent resistance. He exhorts people not to just wait passively for an opportunity to vote for justice, because voting for justice is as ineffective as wishing for justice; what you need to do is to actually be just. Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi (a.k.a. Il analyse également les commentaires pour vérifier leur fiabilité. Moral objection to a particular law does not authorize nonobservance of all laws. Veuillez réessayer. A man disgraces himself by associating with a government that treats even some of its citizens unjustly, even if he is not the direct victim of its injustice. "Civil Disobedience, Conscience, and Community: Thoreau's 'Double Self' and the Problematic of Political Action." The three things that Thoreau Sometimes people assume that civil in this case means "observing accepted social forms; polite" which would make civil disobedience something like polite, orderly disobedience. Such demonstrations may be conducted through a variety of means such as refusing to pay taxes. He went to [prison] for the sake of his principles and suffering humanity. Thoreau proceeds to attack those in his native state of Massachusetts who profess to be against slavery in the South while participating in the commerce and agricultural trade that supports it. In a constitutional republic like the United States, people often think that the proper response to an unjust law is to try to use the political process to change the law, but to obey and respect the law until it is changed. At the risk of allowing his own argument to be invoked indiscriminately, Thoreau seeks to define in which cases it is justified to resist government, and in which cases the injustice is "part of the necessary friction of the machine of government.". In the following section, Thoreau refers to a "higher law" derived from nature, and uses a metaphor borrowed from the natural world to justify civil disobedience. "[12], He was briefly imprisoned for refusing to pay the poll tax, but even in jail felt freer than the people outside. Thoreau was apparently paraphrasing the motto of The United States Magazine and Democratic Review: "The best government is that which governs least"[17] which might also be inspired from the 17th verse of the Tao Te Ching by Laozi: "The best rulers are scarcely known by their subjects. Money is a generally corrupting force because it binds men to the institutions and government responsible for unjust practices and policies, notably the enslavement of black Americans and the pursuit of the war with Mexico. Thoreau takes issue with William Paley, an English theologian and philosopher, who argues that any movement of resistance to government must balance the enormity of the grievance to be redressed and the "probability and expense" of redressing it. Thoreau was motivated in part by his disgust with slavery and the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). There was a problem loading your book clubs. Comment les évaluations sont-elles calculées ? The question here is not just about one of the numerous individual cases in the struggle between a truth powerless to act and a power that has become the enemy of truth. Noté /5. He spent most of his adult life as a self-taught applications engineer specializing in Robotics, Digital Instrumentation and Analog Computer Design. Today, the essay also appears under the title On the Duty of Civil Disobedience, perhaps to contrast it with William Paley's Of the Duty of Civil Obedience to which Thoreau was in part responding. Thoreau believes that the real obstacle to reform lies with those who disapprove of the measures of government while tacitly lending it their practical allegiance. Additionally, Gullett's career has included work as a professional photographer, cabinet maker, college teacher, a firearms dealer, and a professional artist who has illustrated over thirty books. Il n'y a pour l'instant aucun commentaire client. Civil Disobedience E-Text contains the full text of Civil Disobedience. Thoreau calls on his fellow citizens to withdraw their support from the government of Massachusetts and risk being thrown in prison for their resistance. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Although this is an acceptable dictionary definition of the word civil, it is not what is intended here. People who proclaim that the war in Mexico is wrong and that it is wrong to enforce slavery contradict themselves if they fund both things by paying taxes. Resistance also served as part of Thoreau's metaphor comparing the government to a machine: when the machine was producing injustice, it was the duty of conscientious citizens to be "a counter friction" (i.e., a resistance) "to stop the machine".[3]. These metaphors are also part of a larger dichotomy in Thoreau's thinking between nature and artificial social constructs, such as government, corporations or the church. Vos articles vus récemment et vos recommandations en vedette.

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