The Glossary to this book is an exhaustive list of Greek words discussed in the commentary. But, as Phillips notes in his preface (p. 1), Walbank’s invaluable contribution to Polybian scholarship focuses primarily on historical (and historiographical) issues while offering little aid with grammar, syntax, or vocabulary to first-time readers of Polybius. On the definition of historia in Polybius (1.3.8), Phillips discusses three meanings of the term, all related to the study, the record, or the events of history.

83-245). Such references are a valuable tool for training students in the use of these necessary resources for mastery of ancient Greek. At the head of the Roman Republic stand two elected officials, called consuls, who carry out the decisions of the Senate, lead the army, and generally hold the highest executive authority. The Histories of Polybius Book Five 1.

9.14.1) nor, in this case, does he provide references to the use of the term in other Greek authors (most notably Herodotus, 1. praef). The Greek statesman Polybius (c.200–118 BC) wrote his account of the relentless growth of the Roman Empire in order to help his fellow countrymen understand how their world came to be dominated by Rome. There is no index of topics, events, or names mentioned in the text or notes. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg.

Discover Book Picks from the CEO of Penguin Random House US Close . We are experiencing technical difficulties. For example, instead of translating the verb ἐγεννᾶτο (1.67.2), the author advises readers “distinguish from ἐγίνοντο below.” For especially difficult passages, such as Polybius’ overly technical description of the so-called crows (κόρακες) used by the Romans to grapple enemy ships (1.22.4-10), Phillips offers his full translation of the passage; but, even here, he includes explanations of grammar and vocabulary that guide readers through the process of translation.

The main book that deals with this is book XII, which in itself is mainly a criticism of Timaeus as an historian. The animals of Egypt are horrifying: cats, crocodiles, hippopotamuses, pythons, and cobras all live in Egypt. 94-102), because of the rather oblique nature of Polybius’ outline. 12-13). The brief overview of what is known about Polybius’ life is supported by cross-references to relevant passages in Polybius’ text beyond what is found specifically in Book One. L137 - Polybius -- Histories II: Books 3-4. ��Ei)bH� ��ș^�6J�����'��;;-�֢Gb����V�0B�믜����ˡC���]� ���?fo��N��}Г�sLF}�G%�ZKA���E%}���ν�;��C2'�q�ϚX��7t(��k�F���Q���!�wr1�L@]��iOXO? Here, the author’s general approach is to let Polybius speak for himself through quotations from the Histories, while there is less discussion of the broader significance of these passages.

Book XXXIX: From the Epilogue. For sixty- three pages (pp. Related Articles.

In Book … Following his praise of Lycurgus, Polybius examines the Roman system as a model of the mixed constitution. While the visual effect of this layout is daunting – especially for students relatively new to extended Greek texts – this format is ultimately preferable for teaching (and learning) Greek.

1.3.1 on the Social War). When Polybius’ expression or grammar differs significantly from what one would expect in Attic Greek, Phillips is keen to note this with parallel Attic constructions. ×Your email address will not be published. Polybius (/ p ə ˈ l ɪ b i ə s /; Greek: Πολύβιος, Polýbios; c. 200 – c. 118 BC) was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic period noted for his work The Histories, which covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail.The work describes the rise of the Roman Republic to the status of dominance in the ancient Mediterranean world. The Rise of the Roman EmpireList of MapsIntroductionTranslator’s Note, Book I: Introduction; The First Punic War, Book II: Affairs in Spain; The Romans in Illyria; Affairs in Spain; Rome and the Gauls; Affiars in Spain; Events in Greece: the Achaean League, Book III: Introduction; The Second Punic War; The Second Illyrian War; The Second Punic War; The Second Illyrian War; The Second Punic War, Book IV: Affairs in Greece; Civil War in Cynaetha; Byzantium and the Black Sea, Book V: Affairs in Egypt: The Death of Cleomenes; Affairs in Greece: Philip and the Greeks, Book VI: From the Preface; On the Forms of States; On the Roman Constitution at Its Prime; The Roman Military System; The Roman Republic Compared with Others; Conclusion, Book VII: Affairs in Sicily; Affairs in Greece: The Treaty between Hannibal and Philip of Macedon, The Character of Philip, Book VIII: Affairs in Sicily: The Siege of Syracuse; Affairs in Greece: Philip of Macedon; Macedon; Affairs in Italy: The Siege of Tarentum, Book IX: Introduction; Affairs in Italy: The Seige of Capua; On Generalship; The Character of Hannibal, Book X: The Character of Scipio; Affairs in Spain: The Capture of New Carthage, Scipio and the Spaniards, Book XI: Affairs in Italy: The Battle of the Metaurus; The Character of Hannibal, Book XII: Criticisms of Timaeus and His Approach to History: Errors on the Fauna of Africa and Corsica, Errors Concerning Sicily, Intentional and Unintentional Falsehoods, Timaeus on Callisthenes, Demoshares of Athens, Agathocles of Sicily, Timaeus’ Criticisms of Other Writers, Timaeus on the Bull of Phalaris, Timaeus’ Methods in Composing Speeches, Comparison of History and Medicine, Timaeus’ Lack of Political and Military Experience and Unwillingness to Travel, The Causes of Timaeus’ Faults and Qualities of the Good Historian, Book XIV: Affairs in Africa: Scipio’s Campaigns, Book XV: Affairs in Africa: The Final Campaign; The End of the Second Punic War; Affaris in Macedonia, Syria and Egypt; Affairs in Egypt: A Palace Revolution, Book XVIII: Affairs in Greece: Flamininus and Philip; On Treachery; On the Phalanx; Affairs in Greece” Flamininus and the Peace Settlement, Book XXIV: Affairs in Greece: Philopoemen and Aristaenus, Book XXXI: Affairs in Rome and Syria: The Escape of Demetrius; Affairs in Italy: Aemilius Paullus, Scipio and Polybius, Book XXXVI: Affairs in Rome and Carthage: The Third Punic War; On Fate and Chance, Sign up for news about books, authors, and more from Penguin Random House, Visit other sites in the Penguin Random House Network. The brief overview of what is known about Polybius’ life is supported by cross-references to relevant passages in Polybius’ text beyond what is found specifically in Book One. It includes his eyewitness account of the Sack of Carthage and Corinth in 146 BC, and the …

A more appropriate example of this in Greek is Polybius’ subsequent use of the phrase ὡς ἂν εἰ (1.3.3), which Phillips alternatively (but accurately) translates “as it were,” to qualify the use of the term σποράδας (scattered) as applied the nature of historical events prior to the outbreak of the Second Punic War. In explaining his translation “through the punishment (inflicted) on them” (1.7.12), for example, he notes that “in place of εἰς ἐκείνους Attic Greek more usually employs an objective genitive ἐκείνων.”. The notes on Polybius’ Greek provided in this commentary are thorough and well-researched, as consistent cross-references to the LSJ, Denniston, Smyth, and (less frequently) Goodwin demonstrate. He is primarily concerned with the 53 years in which Ancient Rome became a dominant world power.

Dog owners will especially appreciate Phillips’ astute observation of the various implications of canine tail-wagging as it relates to Polybius’ cryptic use of the verb συσσαίνομαι to describe common reactions to listening to the Phoenician language (1.80.6). The discussion which follows in the Introduction contains a summary of the contents of the entire Histories as well as sections presenting Polybius’ views on the important historiographical topics of pragmatikē historia, universal history, and causation (pp. Phillips’ extensive commentary on the text of Book One follows (pp. Phillips’ commentary includes notes on unusual Greek accentuation (e.g. Bryn Mawr PA 19010. Looking for More Great Reads? For words and phrases repeated by Polybius throughout Book One (e.g ἔχων, 1.22.4), Phillips frequently refers readers back to his initial comment on the subject; thus, it will be necessary for students to have access to the complete commentary even if only reading later sections of Book One. PDF of public domain Loeb edition …

This new commentary fulfills that need. Books I through V cover the affairs of important states at the time (Ptolemaic Egypt, Hellenistic Greece, Macedon) and deal extensively with the First and Second Punic Wars. ��VR$Ur^�J�g���ͬ_O�����"�[�zwr� �e9 ���܃�%�/)�.#��� L�Ilxb�����-��w�����U�Cࣵ�2,����h!6�E�c2�`Be~�$(����4��|�����"�:����.�tv�?RR�p�(g��v�9�� endstream endobj 376 0 obj 592 endobj 366 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 343 0 R /Resources 367 0 R /Contents 373 0 R /Thumb 207 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 367 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F1 371 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 374 0 R >> >> endobj 368 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 6111 /Subtype /Type1C >> stream

Most scholars have approached Book 6 in piece-meal fashion, exemplified by the tendency to translate the word politeia as 'constitution', even though Polybius includes elements which could not be called constitutional such as funerary practices. Teachers and students reading Polybius in Greek will find this commentary to be a useful asset for understanding the language and context of the first book of the Histories. In his notes, Phillips provides only enough historical context to orient the reader, rather than offering extended historical analysis such as one would find in Walbank. Book XXXI: Affairs in Rome and Syria: The Escape of Demetrius; Affairs in Italy: Aemilius Paullus, Scipio and Polybius.

At least Books I–VI seem to have … The Rise of the …

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