Teymur Akhmedov, is a member of Jehovah's Witnesses. The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. [15] "Kazakhstan is the strange core of traditionalist Catholicism," Catholic writer Ross Douthat stated in 2018. The demographics of Kazakhstan enumerate the demographic features of the population of Kazakhstan, including population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population. There are 12,537,283 adults in Kazakhstan. By proceeding to use this page you approve our Cookie policy. Intolerance to other societies has become an issue of the Kazakh culture. Christians from Muslim backgrounds often keep their faith secret. Depuis l'indépendance du pays, une relative renaissance des religions a vu le jour. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. L'ethnie kazakhe y constitue plus de la moitié de la population, mais d'autres groupes ethniques … Some converts are locked up by their families for long periods, beaten and may eventually be expelled from their communities. Major Ethnic Groups Of Kazakhstan Kazakhs. This page provides - Kazakhstan Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. The indigenous population of Kazakhstan are Kazakhs, which draw up 63,1% of the general population of the country. [16], The Baháʼí Faith in Kazakhstan began during the policy of oppression of religion in the former Soviet Union. There are a total of 2,300 mosques, all of them are affiliated with the "Spiritual Association of Muslims of Kazakhstan", headed by a supreme mufti. The second most practised religion in the country is Russian Orthodox Christianity, with the majority of adherents being ethnic Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians. Freedom of religion and religious tolerance, Estimation based on Kazakh population share of 67% (, http://www.pewforum.org/2012/08/09/the-worlds-muslims-unity-and-diversity-1-religious-affiliation/#identity, "Итоги переписи населения Республики Казахстан 2009 года", Kazakhstan – International Religious Freedom Report 2010, https://www.opendoorsusa.org/take-action/pray/raids-churches-kazakhstan/, https://www.jw.org/en/news/releases/by-region/kazakhstan/imprisons-ailing-jehovahs-witness-bans-his-worship/, "KAZAKHSTAN: Restrictive draft Religion Law to reach full parliament tomorrow", International Religious Freedom Report 2006, "The results of the national population census in 2009", The Bahá'í Faith: 1844-1963: Information Statistical and Comparative, Including the Achievements of the Ten Year International Baháʼí Teaching & Consolidation Plan 1953-1963, "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "The Virtual Jewish History Tour – Kazakhstan", "KAZAKHSTAN: Officially-inspired intolerance of religious freedom steps up", "KAZAKHSTAN: More Hare Krishna home demolitions planned? Les religions tendent pour certains à combler le vide idéologique laissé par la disparition du dogme communiste ; elles sont aussi un moyen d'affirmer son appartenance culturelle : le retour à l'islam constitue un élément de l'affirmation de l'identité kazakhe et la pratique du christianisme (orthodoxe ou catholique) offre un point de regroupement aux populations slaves dont le nombre ne cesse de diminuer, Union des Chrétiens Baptistes au Kazakhstan, Association internationale pour la conscience de Krishna, Fragilités d’une "autocratie éclairée" au Kazakhstan, http://www.globalreligiousfutures.org/countries/kazakhstan#/?affiliations_religion_id=0&affiliations_year=2010®ion_name=All%20Countries&restrictions_year=2016, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_au_Kazakhstan&oldid=172389210, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Portail:Religions et croyances/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Members of Protestant churches are particularly targeted because they are regarded as a foreign influence aiming to destroy the current political system. Largest Cities in Kazakhstan # The strongest sectors of their economy are energy, industry, and services such as technology, retail, and tourism. The Muslim population is largely made up of the ethnic Kazakhs, Uzbeks and Tatars. Tengrism is a Central Asian religion characterized by shamanism, animism, totemism, poly- and monotheism and ancestor worship. Christians who have converted from Islam are the primary persecution targets of the state, as well as their families, friends and communities—including house arrests for long periods, physical violence and excommunication from their community. Most Christian citizens are Russians, and to a lesser extent Ukrainians and Belarusians, who belong to the Russian Orthodox Church. Pray for believers who are falsely accused and imprisoned by the people to whom they have ministered. L'arrivée de l'islam date de la fin du Xe siècle[réf. Quantitative research shows that for the first years after the establishment of the new laws, waiving any restrictions on religious beliefs and proclaiming full freedom of confessions, the country experienced a huge spike in religious activity of its citizens. The Slavic peoples of Kazakhstan are traditionally Orthodox Christians, and the Russian Orthodox Church is the largest Christian denomination in the republic. Before that time, Kazakhstan, as part of the Russian Empire, would have had indirect contact with the Baháʼí Faith as far back as 1847. Believers live under oppression because no religious activities beyond state-run and state-controlled institutions are allowed and unregistered churches are frequently raided and fined. Church members were taken in for questioning and fined. Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6.75 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 215th in the world with a total surface area of 2,724,900 square meters - ranking at 9th in the world for sheer area alone. According to a 2009 national census, approximately 26% of the population of Kazakhstan identifies as Christian. nécessaire]. Muslims who convert to Christianity are likely to experience pressure and occasionally physical violence from their families, friends and local community to force them to return to their former faith. Calculated with the 2019 population of 18,589,667, Kazakhstan has 17.67 people per square mile (6.82 people per square kilometer), making it the 184th most densely populated country in the world. [4] Leaders of the four religious groups the government considers "traditional" – Islam, Russian Orthodoxy, Catholicism, and Judaism – reported general acceptance and tolerance that other religious groups did not always enjoy.[4]. Les religions tendent pour certains à combler le vide idéologique laissé par la disparition du dogme communiste ; elles sont aussi un moyen d'affirmer son appartenance culturelle : le retour à l'islam constitue un élément de l'affirmation de l'identité kazakhe et la pratique du christianisme (orthodoxe ou catholique) offre un point de regroupement aux populations slaves dont le nombre ne cesse de diminuer[réf. However, some reported occurrences of persecution against Hare Krishnas and Jehovah's Witnesses for proselytizing have raised concern in the international community. Sédentarisation et collectivisation provoquent de terribles famines (1931 et 1933) ; la culture kazakhe est en partie détruite. The population is currently about 18.78 million and is expected to surpass 20 million in 2027. Kazakhstan Demographics Population Religion Percentage 2019. The sparsely populated country of Kazakhstan covers a vast 1.052 million square miles (2.725 million square kilometers). Un nombre important de mosquées mais aussi d'églises a été bâti. The Eid al-Adha is recognized as a national holiday. Au XIIe siècle, le soufi Ahmed Yasavi joua un rôle majeur dans le développement de l'islam dans la région. Quelle est la proportion de bouddhistes dans Kazakhstan? After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. [11] Kazakhs including other ethnic groups of Muslim background make up over 90 per cent of all Muslims. In April 2019, a group of believers was arrested at a Kazakh airport for smuggling Christian literature into the country. Brother Andrew in this best selling book. [8], After decades of suppressed culture, the people were feeling a great need to exhibit their ethnic identity – in part through religion. Islam is the most commonly practiced religion in Kazakhstan; it was introduced to the region during the 8th century by the Arabs. As elsewhere in the newly independent Central Asian states, the subject of Islam's role in everyday life, and especially in politics, is a delicate one in Kazakhstan. Read More, Open Doors USA is a 501(c)(3) organization and charter member of ECFA, the Evangelical Council of Financial Accountability. The Russian Orthodox Christmas is recognized as a national holiday in Kazakhstan. [17] Following the entrance of Baháʼí pioneers the community grew to be the largest religious community after Islam and Christianity, though only a few percent of the nation. Religiosity of the population, as an essential part of any cultural identity, has undergone dynamic transformations as well. The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%). Islam is the most prominent religion in Kazakhstan, with just over 70% of the population practicing it. nécessaire]. Anyone who does not register risk being raided by the police. In the late 1800s, thousands of people from both Ukraine and Russia were brought into to settle the land that is modern-day Kazakhstan. Read More, A parent's worst nightmare and an ongoing crisis for Christian women and girls today reveals persecution against believers in some of its darkest forms. Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukrainians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents. According to various polls, the majority of Kazakhstan's citizens, primarily ethnic Kazakhs, identify as non-denominational Muslims[2], while others incline towards Sunni of the Hanafi school, traditionally including ethnic Kazakhs, who constitute about 63.6% of the population, as well as ethnic Uzbeks, Uighurs, and Tatars. All rights reserved. [5], Other religious registered groups include Judaism, the Baháʼí Faith, Hinduism, Buddhism, the Church of Scientology, Christian Science, and the Unification Church. [3][4] Less than 1% are part of the Shafi`i (primarily Chechens) and Shi'a. Islam is the most prominent religion in Kazakhstan, with just over 70% of the population practicing it. Tengrism is practised in Sakha, Buryatia, Tuva and Mongolia in parallel with Tibetan Buddhism and Burkhanism. Kazakhstan Urban Population Currently, 57.7 % of the population of Kazakhstan is urban (10,698,322 people in 2019) Population Density. Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics, UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). [25], In 2003 Kazakhstan established Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions that aims to facilitate religious dialogue ensuring inter-religious tolerance and freedom in Kazakhstan. This fertility rate is well above the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

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