We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. Astronauts have to be fit and healthy. Download questions about Astronauts here: Teachers. A Mercury astronaut trains in the gimbal rig to learn how to recover if his space capsule spun out of control. Astronauts are given the sensation of working in spacesuits in giant water tanks. # 2. Centrifuges. Download questions about Astronauts here: Astronauts (answers are on this page), Teachers. The training involves a lot of simulations where you would work through experiences of space before going. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. All Rights Reserved. However, it is not impossible to become an astronaut if that is your dream. The answer…, In this section we will delve into the lives and the life works of the most famous scientists of all time, and what makes them so great, because they are…. The word astronaut is Greek for ‘Star Sailor’. 16/07/2011. There, ESA astronaut Tim Peake and his five classmates were taught an astronaut’s toolbox of knowledge: scientific, engineering and medical skills, as well as orbital mechanics, Russian language and survival training. The agency selected just 12 people out of a pool of 18,353 candidates in 2017, which comes out to … Space. Training is very hard, where you would have to spend even more time in a classroom to learn and prepare for space travel. Its not just men and women however who have travelled into space, and believe it or not, animals were first sent to space before humans, to see if humans could survive the trip. What in a snake’s venom makes it poisonous? Where is the furthest any humans have travelled in the universe? Could vaccinations have stopped the spread of plague in medieval times? The first stages of training any European astronaut starts at ESA’s European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, Germany. 2. Win one of three smart trackers worth £49! Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme, Soyuz spacecraft docks at International Space Station. Scientists have sent all sorts of animals into space since space travel started. – Source 2. Outside of the 500 Astronauts who have travelled to space, just above the Earth, there are about 25 Astronauts that have travelled just that little bit further and have orbited the moon, and only about half of them have touched down on a completely different world. Have we discovered all the land on Earth? Scientist. To gain experience of high g-forces experienced from high levels of acceleration, trainee astronauts are spun on the end of a long arm that rotates at high speed. For example, for one training exercise, trainees were dropped off in the frigid tundra of a Moscow forest with limited supplies and had to survive. NASA uses the worlds largest indoor pool-holding shuttle and station mock-ups. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ouruniverseforkids_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',110,'0','0'])); It is very difficult to become an astronaut, it takes many years of dedication and effort, where you have to do very well at school and college to get into the program. How It Works © 2020. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Dogs, Monkeys, Fish, Mice and even Bees have travelled into space. NASA's astronaut training program is extremely competitive. Technology. Training. Training to be an astronaut is absolutely brutal, and very few people are able to make it all the way to the end. Here are 38 Interesting Astronaut facts. These give a realistic impression of the tasks that they will carry out and the living conditions. We have come a long way though, with our opportunities limitless in the future. The first Man in space was Russian Yuri Gagarin, The first Woman in space was Russian Valentina Tereshkova, The first Man to set foot on the moon was American Neil Armstrong. Your email address will not be published. The astronauts of Apollo 11 couldn’t get life insurance, so they signed photos that their families could auction in case the landing went wrong. Astronauts are very interesting people. For more in depth work sheets on Astronauts. However, it is not impossible to become an astronaut if that is your dream. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. It is very difficult to become an astronaut, it takes many years of dedication and effort, where you have to do very well at school and college to get into the program. Fitness programmes in the early days of space exploration were intensive and involved training in oxygen-deprived environments. Since we have been sending astronauts into space, we have sent about 500. 1-5 Astronaut Facts Image credit: en.wikipedia.org 1. 16/07/2011. These 500 people are very lucky, because they are the only people who have seen our planet with their own eyes from space. Training is very hard, where you would have to spend even more time in a classroom to learn and prepare for space travel. # 3. Astronauts were trained for surviving on the ocean and also had jungle training. Here are 20 facts about space life that are sure to wow you! Astronauts train for their mission in mock-ups and simulators. They are also very intelligent and are very dedicated to what they do. 1. Most astronauts grow up to two inches taller as a result of being in space. Known today as the Johnson Space Center (JSC), the facility actually began in 1961 as the Manned Spacecraft Center.In 1973, its name was changed to honor former president and Texas native Lyndon B. Johnson, who died that January.

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